Ginseng 101/ 西洋参知识

Ginseng 101/ 西洋参知识

Ginseng 101/西洋参知识

The use of ginseng has a long history. Its use began 4500 years ago and its first record was written 2000 years ago (Baeg, 2013). Ginseng is the most valued health care goods in Asia especially in China and Korea (Baeg, 2013). Ginseng is utilized in food, health supplements, and Chinese medicine etc. (Baeg, 2013).

参有着永久的历史。 人们最早在4500年前就开始用参了,它的记载是在2000年前 (Baeg, 2013)。 参在亚洲包括中国和韩国是最顶级和宝贵的保养品 (Baeg, 2013)。

The cultivation of ginseng is a troublesome process. It requires specific climate and soil conditions, and it is planted for at least 3-4 years before harvested (Baeg, 2013). Ginseng is cultivated in Canada, US, China, and South Korea (Baeg, 2013). Out of these countries China has the most production, followed by South Korea, Canada and the US. The amount of ginseng produced by these four countries contributes to more than 99% of the ginseng produced in the world (Baeg, 2013).

参的种植是非常艰难的过程,它需要特殊的环境和土地,最快要种3-4年才能收 (Baeg, 2013)。加拿大,美国,中国 和韩国都种植参,中国种植的最多, 接下来是韩国, 加拿大, 和美国 (Baeg, 2013)。这四个国家参的产量超过全世界99%的参产量 (Baeg, 2013)。

There are three types of ginseng: Panax ginseng Meyer, Panax quinuefolius L and Panax notoginseng Burkill (Baeg, 2013). The majority of ginseng produced in the world is Panax ginseng Meyer (Baeg, 2013). Panax quinuefolius L is produced in Canada and the US (Baeg, 2013).

参分三种:Panax ginseng Meyer, Panax quinuefolius L 和 Panax notoginseng Burkill (Baeg, 2013)。世界上产的最多的参是 Panax ginseng Meyer (Baeg, 2013)。加拿大和美国产的参是 Panax quinuefolius L (Baeg, 2013)。

Panax quinquefolium is native to North America. Ginseng was first discovered by Jesuit priests in Ontario near Lake Huron in the early 1700's. By 1716, the first shipment of root to China commenced, initiating the high respect that the Orient has for Ontario-grown root.

西洋参最早是在1700年加拿大的安大略省被 耶稣会教士发现的。 西洋参自从1716年就已开始发运到中国了。

Ontario is where the ginseng industry began. Canadian ginseng grown in Ontario is well known for its unmistakable quality and its distinct potent taste, making it the most desirable root in North America!

西洋参的种植是从加拿大的安大略省开始的。 安大略省的西洋参在世界上是非常有名的,有着它不可超越的品质, 和独特的香味和口味。

Southern Ontario is the largest producer in Canada. More Asian buyers prefer Ontario-grown ginseng than any other root grown in North America! In fact, the Pacific Rim imports 95% of the root produced in Southern Ontario.

The cultivation of ginseng has long been a precise and careful process. Ginseng is a very high risk crop! The procedures in growing ginseng were developed and improved by the veteran growers near Waterford, Ontario. Ontario growers are conscientious and dedicated producers. They have set standards in the cultivation of ginseng that are being copied, but not matched, around the world.

最好的西洋参种植在安大略省的南部。 我们独特的种植方法是通过长久的历史来完善的。

Ginseng has many health benefits such as the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism and the control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (Vuksan et al., 2000). According to Vuksan et al. when ginseng was taken 40 minutes before the intake of carbohydrate, significant reduction in glucose was observed in both non-diabetic subjects and subjects with type 2 diabetes.

西洋参有很多功能,它可以降低血糖, 控制糖尿病 (Vuksan et al., 2000)。 Vuksan et al. 在他们的研究中发现如果在饭前40分钟吃了西洋参, 无糖尿病者和糖尿病者都有明显的血糖降低 (Vuksan et al., 2000)。

There are increasing evidences on the many other health benefits of ginseng such as the regulation of blood pressure, antioxidant properties, improving cardiovascular function, reduction of platelet adhesion, reduction of cholesterol, improving energy etc. (Zhou et al., 2004). From the published studies involving cell cultures and animal models, ginseng is shown to have benefits on the aforementioned conditions (Zhou et al., 2004).

现在有很多研究慢慢的得出科学结果支持西洋参的功能, 包括调节血压,抗老,提高心血管功能,防止血小板粘固, 降低胆固醇, 提高尽力 等等。。。(Zhou et al., 2004)。

 

Resources

Baeg, H In., So, H Seung. (2013). The world ginseng market and the ginseng. Journal of Ginseng Research: 37(1):1-7.

Vuksan, V., et al. (2000). American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L) reduces postprandial glycemia in nondiabetic subjects and subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. International medicine: 160 (7): 1009-1013.

Zhou, W., et al. (2004). Molecular mechanisms and clinical applications of ginseng root for cardiovascular disease. Medical Science Monit: 10 (8): 187-192.

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